Farming is the art and science of raising animals and plants for human consumption. In ancient times, farming was the first major innovation in the development of sedentary urban civilization, where growing food surpluses allowed people to live comfortably in large cities. The earliest history of farming began some thousand years ago when agriculturalists domesticated wild plants to make edible food. The history of farming is steeped in many different civilizations and has evolved over the millennia.
In most early civilizations, the only land that was cultivated was what was immediately available. The earliest farmers were nomadic herders and farmers living in small groups, where they gathered plants and animals that were native to the area, such as wheat, barley, and millet, for food. This kind of farming eventually moved into the settled towns and villages, where farmers raised animals, usually for their own consumption and sometimes for their families’ consumption, as well.
From these beginnings, farming evolved into a very important part of the economic and social fabric of the world, with significant advances in technology and agricultural production. From the domestication of cereals and grains that were used as animal feed to the introduction of farming practices that made the domestication of wheat possible, modern farming has given rise to a complex system of agriculture that has transformed the lives of people all around the world.
Farming is an important part of human society, because it involves the use of animals and plants that can be both food and material for clothing, housing, and other necessities. As the history of farming is well known, there are many early civilizations that have been recorded in history and those that have not. Early societies that were the first to practice agriculture are known as agricultural civilizations. Agriculture has also been an important part of human history since the beginning of recorded history, because agriculture gave rise to a form of art and culture that has allowed early civilizations to become more organized.
One of the most important aspects of early agricultural civilizations was that they built cities, which were centers of food production and trade. Cities like Babylon and Egypt were developed through the use of agriculture. The Egyptian pyramids were built by farmers who used the surrounding fields to plant wheat and corn so that they could grow food for their households. Similarly, many of the pyramids of Mesopotamia and other civilizations were built by farmers.
As history progressed, other civilizations developed a larger scale of farming. Ancient Rome, Egypt, and other areas of the ancient world were among the first to use crops and animals as a primary source of food, in addition to livestock. People also began to build large farms where they could grow wheat and other grains to produce food for their cities.
The development of the wheel allowed farming to be more widespread, as it allowed large groups of farmers to work together on large areas of land and move to another area if need be, as in the case of Rome’s expansion into Britain. As the history of farming continued to develop, the production of food became increasingly efficient. People were able to grow more food per unit of land than they were able to grow before.
With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, farming became much more mechanized and more productive, allowing it to become even more widespread. There is evidence that farming was important to the development of farming in other countries, as well, as farmers from other countries came to the British Isles in search of cheap grain. In the mid-nineteenth century, many immigrants brought their skills with them to Britain in order to bring their experience and knowledge of farming to the country.